What's the "Best" Car Seat?
Child restraints sold in the U.S. must pass Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards. The “best” car seat
Table of Contents
- What's the "Best" Car Seat?
- Add-On Products
- Used Car Seats
- Replacing a Car Seat After a Crash
1. What type of car seat should your child use?
There are different types of child restraints for the different stages of a child’s development. Rear-facing, forward-facing in a harness, and belt-positioning booster seat. Don't "graduate" from one stage to another before your child reaches the maximum height or weight of each type of seat.
Rear-facing Only Infant Seats
All have a handle to carry the baby and a base that stays in the car. They are ONLY used rear-facing (RF). Most fit babies who are between 29–32 inches tall and 4-30 pounds or more. Check seat labels for specifics. The 5-point harness spreads crash forces, holds the baby down into the seat shell and prevents ejection. Look for a model with an up-front harness adjustment system. Up front adjusters make it easier to loosen and tighten the harness each time you take the baby in and out of the seat.
Two shoulder straps,
two hip straps,
one crotch strap.
Advantages: a carrying handle, portable, can be used to rock the baby, attaches to strollers and lifts off a base that stays in the car.
Disadvantages: you must purchase a convertible car seat when the baby reaches the upper weight limit of the car seat or when the baby's head is within one inch of the top of the seat.
Convertible Car Seats
Use rear-facing in a reclined angle then convert into an upright forward-facing seat.
Many now permit rear-facing (RF) use (the safest way to ride) from 5-40 pounds. Check weight and height limits on seat labels.
Forward-facing upper weight levels of 65 or more pounds and up to 40 or 52 inches have become more common. Convertible seats have a 5-point harness system (two shoulder straps, two hip straps, one crotch strap).
Advantages: Only purchasing one seat. In general less expensive when price is compared to length of time seat will be used.
Disadvantages: RF requires more room in vehicle due to recline angle, can't carry it into the house with a sleeping baby. No sun shade or attachment to a stroller, and some may not fit a newborn infant as well as an infant seat.
Forward-facing Car Seats
Forward-facing (FF) “combination” or "harness to booster" seats are used only in the FF direction and never for a child who is not yet at least one year of age and 20 or more pounds.
Most FF car seats by become belt-positioning booster seats when the child reaches the weight or height limit for harness use.
Belt-positioning Booster Seats
Just as you wouldn't ask your child to wear your jeans or shoes, their body is not yet developed enough to properly wear the adult seat belt.
Use a belt-positioning booster (BPB) to properly place the shoulder and lap parts
of the adult seat belt on a child who has outgrown their forward-facing child car seat by height or weight.
Whenever possible, try before you buy. Choose a style that holds the lap belt low across the hip bones touching the top of the thighs and adjusts the shoulder belt across the center of the shoulder. Have the child lean forward, then back. The shoulder belt should spool out as it does for an adult, then retract easily without leaving any slack.
There are two types of belt-positioning booster seats
2. Does the child restraint fit your child?
3. Does the car seat fit your vehicle(s)?
4. Is the seat easy to use correctly every time?
5. Does the child restraint fit your budget and lifestyle?
A child restraint is intended to only be used as it comes from the box. Do not add anything to the child restraint unless directed to do so by the car seat manufacturer.
Retailers sell many products that can be added to or used with a car seat. These products are not regulated by the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards so there are no crash standards for these products. It is uncertain how they will change the effectiveness of a child restraint in the event of a crash. Read the instructions for your child’s car seat. Adding products from another manufacturer may void the warranty on your child’s seat.
Examples of add-on products include:
Used Car Seats
Like toys, clothing and other children’s items, second-hand car seats are often shared among friends and family members. Used car seats can also be found at garage sales and consignment stores. While the price may be attractive, that used car seat may not be a bargain.
A second-hand seat may have hidden damage, weaknesses or other safety problems. At thrift stores you will not be able to question the previous owner to ask about the history of the seat. Ask if he or she purchased the seat new or used. It is critical to learn if the seat was ever involved in a car crash. Do NOT use a seat with an unknown history or one that has been in a car crash. The job of a car seat is to distribute crash forces over the strongest parts of the child’s body. So, all the car seat’s parts must be present, correctly assembled, in proper working order, and free from recalls or damage.
Use the checklist to help you decide whether to consider using a second-hand seat.
Replacing a Car Seat After a Crash
If you were involved in a car crash with a child who was buckled into their car seat or booster, the seat may need to be replaced. The forces in a collision can sometimes cause unseen damage. This hidden damage may keep the car seat from properly protecting the child in future crashes.
Your car seat manufacturer is the best judge of whether your child’s seat needs replacement following a crash as minor as a fender bender. No state or federal law requires manufacturers to replace a child restraint following a crash.
The insurance company responsible for the repairs to your vehicle may reimburse the cost of a replacing a child restraint that was occupied during a motor vehicle crash. Talk with your insurance adjuster. To help them understand why there is a need to replace a child car seat following a crash, your best resource is the instruction booklet that came with your child’s seat.
If you no longer have the instruction book you may locate replacement instructions on the manufacturer’s website. Every car seat manufacturer recommends a seat be replaced if it has been involved in a severe car crash.